Zhejiang province---Capital: Hangzhou


Zhejiang Province, also called Zhe for short, is named after the Zhejiang River (another name of the Qiantang River), the longest in the province. Lying in China's southeast coastal region, the province boasts of numerous gulfs and bays and more than 2,100 islands, accounting for one-third of the total islands in China. It has a population of 43.35 million. Hangzhou is the provincial capital.
Zhejiang is known as a "famous tourist center and a land with rich historical relics," featuring mountains, the sea, rivers and lakes, and caves, a landscape typical in regions south of the Changjiang River. There are 11 national scenic areas and 22 provincial scenic areas. Of which the better-known are the picturesque West Lake in Hangzhou; Shaoxing, a city of waters and bridges; Putuo Mountain, a center of Buddhism; the charming Fuchun River; Qiandao Lake, a landscape of mountains reflected in water; Mogan Mountain with a cool, comfortable climate; and the magnificent Yandang Mountain. There are 28 national units of historical relics under key protection, including the unsophisticated Pagoda of Six Harmonies, the Temple of Yue Fei, Lanting Pavilion to the memory of Wang Xizhi, a master calligrapher of the Jin Dynasty (265-420), the Guoqing Temple, a famous place of Buddhism, and Tianyi Pavilion in Ningbo, one of the four major libraries in ancient China.
Zhejiang is a land endowed with the fine spirits of the universe and has brought foward many statesmen, thinkers, men of letters, educators, scientists, and artists who made outstanding contributions and left behind them many famous historical sites.
Shandong province---Capital: Jinan
Shandong (East of the Mountains) takes its name from the fact that it lies to the east of the Taihang range. It is situated on the eastern coast of China, in the lower Huanghe River valley. The Shahdong Peninsula in the east protrudes between the Bohai and Huanghai seas from the land mass and faces the Liaodong Peninsula in the north across the Bohai Straits, forming the maritime outpost of the nation's capital, Beijing. The province has an area of more than 150,000 square kilometers and a population of 72.96 million, of which 86 per cent live in the rural areas and 14 per cent in the cities. Shandong's mainland coastline totals 3,000 kilometers. The province has a warm temperate monsoon climate with most rainfall concentrated in the hot summer. It has short spring and autumn but long winter and summer. The mean temperatures in a year are 11-14 °C. The annual average rainfall is between 550-950 mm. Natural calamities occur often.
One ofChina's major agricultural production bases, Shandong is known as "a warehouse of grains, cotton, and oil, and the land of fruits and aquatic products." It's also an important producer of wheat, cotton, peanut, tobacco, hemp, silkworms, traditional Chinese medicinal herbs and materials. The apples produced in Yantai, pears from Laiyang, peaches of Feicheng, and Leling's golden-threaded jujubes are all famous specialties.
Shandong is rich in marine resources too. Its offshore area makes up 37% of the total surface area of the Bohai and Yellow seas, with a shoal area accounting for 15% of the nation's total. There are about 260 species of fish and prawn in its seas, including more than 40 major cash species of fish and 100 species of shellfish. Shandong leads the country in the production of prawns, shellfishes, abalones, sea slugs and urchins. Meanwhile, with many large and medium-sized salt works, the province is also one of China's four major salt producers. In its 266,000 ha of freshwaters, there are more than 40 species of freshwater plants and more than 70 species of fish.
With beautiful natural landscapes and numerous historical and cultural relics, Shandong has rich tourist resources. It offers a string of tourist attractions, such as Mount Taishan and the Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius, two World Heritage sites; Lingzi, capital of the ancient Qi State; Penglai, the well known "fairyland on earth"; Mount Laoshan, a sacred land of Taoism; Weifang, the "world capital of kites"; Qingdao, a charming coastal city famous for its annual International Beer Fair; Yantai, known worldwide as a wine producer; Rongcheng, a place considered as "the edge of the world" by ancient Chinese; Jinan, the provincial capital honored as "the city of springs"; and the site for watching the wonderful scene of the torrential Yellow River running into the sea.
In November 1998, Shandong Province established sistership relations with Western Cape Province.